Apulian farmhouse...

<< Indietro Play/Stop Avanti >>

    The Masseria (farmhouse) is the symbol of rural culture and is strongly connected to the history of Valle d'Itria. The Masserie were created in order to ensure efficient administration of large territories and became more and more functional over time. Community of families, farmers and settlers punctuate their lives according to the rhythm of the land and its cultivation. There are many documents that attest the activities of the old rural farms since Roman times and it goes over under the Saracen domination and Swabian-Angevin period.
Its origins date back to the Longobardic conquest, which led to shepherds gathering together to live in huge farmhouses. The word “Masseria”, from the Latin “maseria” or maserius”, which was compound word consisting of “mas” (countryside) and “er” (home). The Angioini of Taranto’s territorial policy allowed, all inhabitants of the area, to use land as a common good. However, some citizens took possession of the lands, and divided the country in smaller parts. Nonetheless, there was no clear law to govern these actions, and only the creation of the land register in 1807 clarified the situation.
These buildings respond to the same construction criteria, which divides the property into two parts: the house of the Lord, or "farmer" (the administrator of the farmer community and agricultural lands), and secondary area, where there are the lodgings of the peasants and the working area. The buildings are surrounded by thick walls, which include extensive gardens, where there is a chapel and where, depending on the territory of which they arise, are cultivated olive, almond or screws. Walking around the Apulian country you can meet farms reminiscent of noble palaces of the Venetian countryside, and others that look like castles, maybe because they are situated near the coast, and made inaccessible to defend themselves from bandits. The ancient architectural volumes of the farms are then expanded in order to have more spacious and rational living. Farmers creates relationships between landowners to manage large tracts land.
There are several buildings of farms:
- courty: the farm is built within the walls that enclose and protects it from external threats;
- trullo: houses, barns and working place have a conical trullo roof of different sizes. Some examples are Masseria Ortolini and Masseria Ferrari;
- trullo and pignon: the building has an internal pignon vault with lodge in trullo;
- linear edifications: the farms are characterized by being a single building, with the houses joined to other buildings;
- casino: construction that is developed in the nineteenth century and which marks the distinction more clearly between the master's house, and the working place (eg, Luco, Mita).
Today, the farms of Puglia are still there. Appear between the roads or in the middle of the countryside, with grandeur and dignity. Some have been restored and sometimes destined for the tourist or as a charming resort to rediscover the culture and tradition of rural farm. Other, completely abandoned, living a lonely difficult and perhaps risky, but not without its charm and still full of history ......

History of Masserie and Trulli of Apulia...

Architectural style of dry stone building. Born of trulli...